The tradition of ancient philosophy is a long, rich and varied one, in which the notes of discussion and argument constantly resound. This book introduces ancient debates, engaging us with the ancient developments of their themes. Moving away from the presentation of ancient philosophy as a succession of great thinkers, the book gives readers a sense of the freshness and liveliness of ancient philosophy, and of its wide variety of themes and styles.About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and style, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics. Written by experts for the newcomer, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, from philosophy to Freud, quantum theory to Islam.
An important volume connecting classical studies with feminism, Feminism and Ancient Philosophy provides an even-handed assessment of the ancient philosophers' discussions of women and explains which ancient views can be fruitful for feminist theorizing today. The papers in this anthology range from classical Greek philosophy through the Hellenistic period, with the predominance of essays focusing on topics such as the relation of reason and the emotions, the nature of emotions and desire, and related issues in moral psychology. The volume contains some new, ground-breaking essays on Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics, as well as previously published pieces by established scholars like Martha Nussbaum and Julia Annas. It promises to be of interest to an interdisciplinary audience including those working in classics, ancient philosophy, and feminist theory.
The volume concludes with an insightful intellectual memoir by David Keyt which charts the rise of analytic classical scholarship in the past century and along the way provides entertaining anecdotes involving major figures in modern academic philosophy. Blending academic authority with creative flair and demonstrating the continuing interest of ancient Greek philosophy, this book will be a valuable addition to the libraries of all those studying and researching the origins of Western philosophy.
\"These essays in honor of David Keyt exemplify the virtues that he himself has brought to bear on the study of ancient Greek philosophy: precision in the formulation of problems, together with ingenuity and originality in offering solutions. His autobiographical essay is a marvelous reminiscence of a rich, varied, and productive life in academia.\" Professor Richard Kraut, Northwestern University
One of the leading philosophers of his generation, Owen published numerous papers on Aristotle's metaphysics and ontology. Among his best-known publications are 'Logic and Metaphysics in Some Early Works of Aristotle' (1960), 'Dialectic and Eristic in the Treatment of the Forms' (1968), and 'Aristotelian Pleasures' (1972). Although most of his work focussed on Aristotle, he also wrote an influential article on Plato's Timaeus (1953). The central theme of his scholarly work was to demonstrate the importance of method and argument over dogmatism in ancient philosophy.
According to philosopher John M. Cooper, Owen \"led [a] reorientation in ancient philosophy that began in the 1950s in Britain and North America\". His papers, in the words of philosopher Malcolm Schofield, provided \"a new way of writing about ancient philosophy\", while his services to the discipline were recognised with numerous honours, including a Fellowship of the British Academy.
Owen's first academic appointment was a research fellowship at Durham University from 1950 to 1953. This brief stint saw the preparation of his first scholarly publication, an article on Plato's Timaeus. In 1953, he was elected to the newly established lectureship of ancient philosophy at Oxford. Although his post was designed to provide teaching on Pre-Socratic philosophy, he also directed regular classes on Plato and Aristotle aimed at graduate students. Together with Ryle and their colleague J. L. Austin, he provided a generation of future scholars with a foundation on these two philosophers. In addition to his university assignment, he became a fellow of Corpus Christi College in 1958. In 1963, he was elevated to a professorship.
In 1966, Owen left Oxford to take up the Victor S. Thomas Professorship at Harvard University. In the years preceding his appointment, he had made visits to the United States and had received offers of chairs from numerous universities. The new post afforded him improved working conditions \"with ample funds and support\" from the departments of classics, philosophy and the history of science. His move to the United States coincided with a rise in the stature of ancient philosophy at American universities, which was at that time fostered by the work of the Plato scholar Gregory Vlastos at Princeton University. Continuing the developments of his time at Oxford, he initiated a monthly research seminar (the \"New York Seminars\"), where scholars from the Northeastern United States would come together to discuss the work of Aristotle. He also enabled a number of distinguished European thinkers to make extended research visits to Harvard as Loeb fellows.
Writing for the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, philosopher John M. Cooper stated that Owen \"led [a] reorientation in ancient philosophy that began in the 1950s in Britain and North America\". His central achievement, according to fellow philosopher J. D. G. Evans, was to demonstrate the importance of method and argument in classical philosophy, as opposed to mere dogmatism. For Evans, Owen's approach is illustrated by the \"seminal article\" 'The Platonism of Aristotle' (1967). His papers, according to Schofield, provided \"a new way of writing about ancient philosophy\".
Owen was particularly noted as a mentor for graduate students during his time at Oxford and Harvard, leading Ackrill to call him an \"unrivalled teacher of graduates\". In 1982, months before his death, a group of scholars presented Owen with a Festschrift of papers on topics in ancient philosophy. The volume, entitled Language and Logos: Studies in Ancient Greek Philosophy Presented to G. E. L. Owen, paid homage to Owen's influence as a teacher and dialectician. In 1986, a collection of new and previously published papers was released posthumously under the title Logic, Science and Dialectic.
The latter two analogies seem to point to the idea that the purpose ofphilosophy, according to the Stoics, is to become virtuous, that is,to attain wisdom and thereby lead the good life, so that theoverarching goal (the crop or the egg white, which the ancientsassumed was nourished by the yolk) is ethical. Nonetheless, the otherparts of philosophy play an essential and necessary part in achievingthis goal, and the orthodox Stoic position is that mastery of allthree parts of philosophy is required for human flourishing. This isapparent in the way the Stoics treat a number of philosophicalquestions and in the many connections visible between the differentparts of their theory: conclusions in one part of Stoic philosophytend to reinforce and ratify those in another. For recent discussionof the unity of the Stoic system, see Bronowski 2019, ch. 1; cf.Christensen 1962, Ierodiakonou 1993, and Inwood 2012. For debates onthe connection of Stoic ethics to other parts of the system,especially physics, see Annas 1993, who takes the ethical part to belargely independent of physical theory, and Cooper 1999a and 2012, whosees them as thoroughly intertwined (see also Betegh 2003).
Arcesilaus Aristotle Carneades Cicero Dialectical School doxography of ancient philosophy Epictetus Epicurus ethics: ancient freedom: ancient theories of Lipsius, Justus logic: ancient Marcus Aurelius Philo of Larissa Plato: shorter ethical works political philosophy: ancient Seneca Sextus Empiricus skepticism: ancient soul, ancient theories of 153554b96e